In this short article I will try to introduce you to the Tor Project and
what can you do in order to help it.
What is the Tor project?
The EFF describes the Tor project as:
Tor is a service that helps protect your anonymity while using the Internet by obfuscating your online behavior and by obscuring your identity from unwanted surveillance from other users,
governments, or corporations. When you use the Tor software, your IP address remains hidden, and it appears that your connection is coming from the IP address of a Tor exit relay,
which can be anywhere in the world. Tor also allows access to .onion hidden services, which allow people to publish information while hiding their location.
Tor is comprised of two parts:
- software you can download that allows you to use the Internet anonymously (the Tor Browser
- volunteer network of computers that make it possible for the software to work.
What is a relay?
A relay is a computer that proxies connections. Here’s the definition of a relay from google:
receive and pass on (information or a message).
When you connect to Tor, you’re connecting to a relay which encrypts your connection and passes it to another relay, this goes on and on until you reach the exit relay.
The exit relay makes a unencrypted connection to the resource you requested and passes it back to the former relay.
There are two types of relays:
- Middle relay
- Exit relay
If you want to run a relay, I suggest you run an middle relay because all you need to do is handle encrypted traffic. On the other hand, if you run an exit relay
you will handle unscripted traffic and you will be the source of that traffic, since you’re the exit.
If somebody uses Tor to do bad things your exit relay’s IP address will be listed as the source of the traffic and if people don’t know that you’re running a tor
relay you may get a visit from the police and perhaps some trouble. Middle relays are safe.
How can you run a relay?
You can run a relay on your own computer or on a computer located in the cloud, all you need to do is follow the TorRelayGuide
which contains all the info you need..
In my experience, I didn’t configure my first relay correctly and I had to reinstall the VPS and try again. It’s fine if you don’t get it at first, just keep trying.
To install it, on Debian you run the following commands:
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-pip pip intall nyx
And then you access it using
Other things you can do after you installed Nyx is changing the default ports and limiting the bandwidth.
To change the badwidth just uncomment AccountingMax and AccountingStart from
To change the ports just change ORPort and DirPort to whatever you like, I recommend the following setup.
ORPort 443 DirPort 80
Then add the following rules to iptables for IPv4 and IPv6
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
Also, update your contact info in
torrc so people can contact you in case you didn’t configure the relay correctly.
That’s it! Have fun ^_^
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